About the image (Venn-Diagram) given below, first, It is better to understand what is AI, then finally relating data science, machine learning and deep learning.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans.
Machine learning and deep learning are a subfield of AI but that is not the case with data science.
Data science is more about extracting insights from data to build robust IT and business strategies. It also takes care of data gathering, processing, analysis, and visualization.
AI, ML, and DL focus on model building for decision making. Data science includes model building as well and that is the intersection with AI where it requires to use statistical & probabilistic tools, mathematics, and model optimization to solve a problem.